Orchid Cattleya is a type of orchid known for its beautiful flowers and wonderful scent. They are very demanding, but very attractive flowers, which offer plenty of fun to gardening enthusiasts.
There are several types of Cattleya orchids: Epiphate orchids, which grow on tree bark, and lithophilic orchids that grow on stones. It can reach the height of 75 centimeters. The flowers are brightly colored, with strong shades of purple, white or brown. They have a sweet, vanilla-like smell.
Due to its beauty, the orchid Cattleya is one of the most hybrid species of orchids.
How to Grow and Care Cattleya Orchid?
The Cattleya Orchid needs a lot of light. They can withstand even the direct sunlight, but it’s advisable not to be exposed directly to the sun during the warm season. Without enough light, the Cattleya orchid will not bloom. Under the right light conditions, the leaves of this plant have a greenish color. If the leaves turn dark green it indicates the lack of light, while the yellow or large leaves indicate too much direct light.
Orchid Cattleya is a plant that grows from rhizomes planted in the ground. They produce pseudo-bulbs every spring. During the growing period, it’s advisable to wipe this plant abundantly, but don’t let the plant float in water. Reduce the amount of water when the plant begins to grow. If you add too much water at this stage, the development process will accelerate and you will have immature flowers.
In the growing season, it’s advisable to fertilize the plant weekly with an easy solution. After the de-development period, it’s advisable to fertilize the plant every 2 weeks with orchid fertilizer.
The Cattleya orchid is multiplied early in the spring, before entering the vegetation period, by separating the pseudo-bulbs.
Most Cattleya orchid species produce some pseudo-bulbs that must bloom in the same year, usually late in the summer. Some species produce even 2 flowers each year. When it comes to blooming it’s advisable to reduce watering in order to avoid the possible flower degradation.
Planting and replanting
Replanting the Cattleya orchid is a stressful task for both the gardener and the plant, which needs a whole season to recover. Thus, it’s advisable to transplant it to another pot only if necessary.
When replanting a Cattleya orchid, make sure there is enough space in the new pot to produce at least two pseudo-bulbs. It’s advisable to replant the orchid in spring at the beginning of the growing season.
Diseases and pests
Cattleya Orchid is very sensitive to lice, mosquitoes and mites attack.