Cactus and other succulent plants are among the easiest plants you can propagate. So, if you want to start your career as a plant breeder, you can start by propagating succulents, because you won’t need chemicals or root hormones. The most important thing in succulent propagation is the substrate in which shoots are planted. It can be made of sand or perlite and kept permanently moist, without letting water stagnate in the pot or pot’s plate.
Succulent leaves are detached and placed vertically into the ground. In case if some leaves are larger you can cut them into pieces. Given the fact that succulents have fleshy leaves, they will manage to maintain their turgidity even after a certain period since they’ve been detached from the mother plant.
For this reason, after they have been cut from the mother plan they don’t have to be introduced immediately into the ground. You have to let them a few days to heal the cut area. During this time you have to keep them in a shady place.
Be careful to keep the polarities for leaf fragments, and that is: always stick to the ground the cut side, not the top.
The new plants will appear at the base of the leaf freshly stuck into the ground in almost two to three weeks, sometimes even sooner.
This type of propagation you can use for Crassula (Jade Plant) or Kalanchoe.
Exception: Aloe Vera won’t be propagated through leaf, even if it’s a succulent, but by the detachment of new plants that appear around the mother plant.
Keep the plates in which you’ve put the cut leaves for propagation in a bright place and sunny place, but not in direct sunlight, because you may risk burning the new plants.
Another easy method of multiplying succulents is to remove rosettes.
Echeveria cactus can be multiplied this way!
If you notice a longer stem that ends with a rosette, you can detach it. Use a sharp knife to cut the rosette along with the stem.
But don’t plant it immediately! Repeat the same steps as in leaf propagation, meaning that you have to leave it for a few days in a sunny place, and only then you can plant it.
The easiest way to propagate succulents
- Well, it’s well known that propagation by dividing the plant is the easiest. I use this type of propagation for Aloe Vera, but also for other plants such as Harvothia. Unlike the other multiplication methods, we have to detach the plant babies and put them immediately in pots.
- Don’t overwater them, but at the same time you don’t have to leave the plant thirsty. Water it with moderation, because excess water will kill any succulent, especially cactuses.
- If indoor humidity is high, water succulents rarely, but if indoor humidity is low, then you must provide the plant with plenty of water.
- As a general rule, for plants with leafy leaves, the soil must be allowed to dry between two watering.